Insufficient liquid intake. liquids like soups, juice, and water and fluid to the colon and bulk to stools, making bowel softer and its movement faster,iron or calcium supplements,
1. Insufficient liquid intake. liquids like soups, juice, and water and fluid to the colon and bulk to stools, making bowel softer and its movement faster.
2. Lack of dietary fiber. A leading culprit in constipation is too mush fat and enough fiver in one’s diet. Fiver (soluble and insoluble) is that part of fruits, vegetables, and grains that the body can’t digest. The bulk and soft texture of fiber helps prevent hard, dry stools from forming. Today’s refined and processed foods have most of their fiber stripped.
3. Lack of exercise. While doctors do not know precisely why, a sedentary lifestyle can lead to constipation as it often does after an accident or during an illness when one is bedridden and can’t exercise.
4. Side effects of certain medicines. Medications especially narcotics, antacids that contain aluminum, antispasmodics, antidepressant, iron or calcium supplements, diuretics and anticonvulsant for epilepsy can impede bowel movement and cause constipation.
5. Changes in life in routine. During pregnancy, women often become constipated because of the hormonal changes or the pressure of the uterus on the intestines. Aging may also affect bowel regularity because a slower metabolism results in less intestinal activity and muscle tone. People often get constipated while traveling because their diet and daily routine are disrupted.
6. Abuse of laxatives to induce bowel movement can damage the colon’s natural ability to contract.
7. Ignoring the urge. Some people delay or ignore moving their bowel for various reasons. Those who do that may eventually stop feeling the urge, which can lead to constipation.
8. Specific diseases and disorders. Some neurological metabolic and endocrine disorders, as well as conditions that affect organ systems, can slow down movement of stool. These include multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord, injuries, Diabetes, Lupus, under active or overactive thyroid gland. Also those with a condition called irritable bowel syndrome suffer from spasms in the colon that affect alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea.
Prevention and treatment
An important measure one can take in dealing with constipation is to eat a high fiber diet. Fruits and dark, green leafy vegetables as well as oatmeal, whole grain cereals, and wheat breads are excellent sources of fiber.
See your doctor immediately if constipation is prolonged or if it’s accompanied by fever, severe abdominal pain, bloating, weight loss, a thin pencil-like stool, or if there’s blood in the stool.